Massimo Romagnoli

Defence Romagnoliís point of view
Romagnoli Consulting -

The point of view and a careful analysis made by the European Lobby on three Italian difficulties in making the defense system:
1. F-35,
2. the air hunting of sixth generation
3. an agreement between FINCANTIERI and LEONARDO -

Is known to all that the defense is a "system" integrated into the European context and the transatlantic alliance, of which the institutions, the Presidency of the Republic, the government and Parliament are defined, which define our military policy and its financing), the armed forces (which, with their organization and their equipment, represent the "military tool" to protect the defense and the security of the country) and the world of industry and research (which, through the technological and industrial capabilities and, in particular, innovation, must ensure a certain level of sovereignty and autonomy).

Three experiences

on the system as all systems, to be efficient must also be balanced and its parts must move in order to be ordered and consistent, without tear and isolated maneuvers.

The assumption of "systeming" is therefore that each one played its role and that choices are the result of a comparison, the decisions of the case are taken to meet the procedures and pre-productive institutionalities at the base of our sorting.

In practice, however, these elementary rules are often too forgotten by "players" just pending their respect and to "team". In the field of strategic choices for industrial policy of defense there are three emblematic cases:

The F-35 case participation in the American program for F-35 combat aircraft was taken by the armed forces and the Minister of the defense andreata at the end of the nineties.

The industry would have preferred to wait for a European cultural-based ethuctivity of the Europighigh, and the preparing the privilege of operating requirements (indispensable replacement of disposal aircraft), the technological advantages of a fifth generation aircraft, transatlantic interoperability and other major European partners, the expected reduction in purchase costs and exercise, as well as the thrust to make the Italian industry more competitive. All benefits that were not alternatives in Europe, viewing the French and Swedish will to go on national roads, and especially the German not to invest more, for more than a decade, in new generation aircraft. To safeguard national interests in the acquisition of F-35, it was pointing to the realization of a new integration line of the new aircraft, and to use the information of the logistical and maintenance support infrastructure, as well as for the construction of a high number of semi-trucks and fuselage of fuselage from Italian.

The agreement with the United States has not definitely satisfied all our expectations for several reasons, but not all the possibilities are still lost and, however, the budget will be made in the end, especially to take into account the entire lifecycle of the aircraft. However, the difficulties in this case, however, at system level, the opposition (not yet surf) of a part of the Italian industry, and government's pending from the free cut of the total number of the plans planned by the government's government, to get to the belly's pace of renz and gentilon governments and now to the government referral policy, which, in charge for more than a year, it seems not to know still good as to reconcile the desire to not contract the Trump administration with the positions taken by the M5s when it was at the opposition and then in the election country. Meanwhile, let some things inertizing for a lot of people, which also gives you a chance to do, by having to make a lot of opportunities offered by the program: to think of the assembly and maintenance of the Norwegian or Belgian F.35 that could be made of a waiter, or to replace Turkish businesses, with important industrial returns if only the "system" defense moved in synchronous.

A bad test of the Italian capacity of "system", with continuous field invasions and inversion of the roots of the protagonists.

The sixth hunting generation always in the aeronautical field, the Tempest project for a sixth generation aircraft has been defined by the United Kingdom last year. The Italian Aeronautics and most of the national industry, after examining the alternative theory represented by the Franco-German project FCAS (but, actually, Paris and Berlin have clarified since the beginning of the only phase, they have come to the conclusion that the Tempest project can better meet the operating, industrial and technological technological requirements (as confirmed by the "The Future Fighting Combiable and Europe" published in March from IAI). Here, the startup of informal talks with the English partner to define the shapes of our possible participation in detail. Recently, however, there was a 30-minute defense minister, which has publicly manifest his doubts about the validity of the military vertical choices, asking for a further departure to the French partner. Another ugly "systemic" test because in the first place in the choice of equipment, the operating needs and technological and industrial sovereignty should not be placed, not the political guidelines of the moment (however difficult to understand, given the peasrates that the government has the partner of French and, in part, German), and in any case the comparison would be done before the Ministry and then followed the way undertaken without unprocessed reversal of travel. In the face of the certainty of not obtaining anything from France and Germany, the risk is now, if Rome does not accelerate the political negotiations with London, to lose positions against Great Britain who has little by an agreement with Sweden for the entry of the latter in the Tempest. The naval agreement finally, one of the weaknesses of the Italian naval industry on the international market was to not operate in the integrated form of shipyards, systems and systems providers. In order to "system" on 9 October 2014, the two major Italian companies in the industry, which was signed, in the presence of Minister of Pinotti Defense, a "Collaboration Agreement in the Military Naval Construction Machines between Fincantieri and Finmeccanica, with the aim of increasing competitiveness on national and foreign markets, through more effective and efficient integrated offer of the products of the two companies. In particular, collaboration will develop on the use of technical and commercial synergies between the Unit of Mercifi's Milan Sailing Firecani and companies in the Finmeccanica Group (the Selx Es, Oto Melara and Wass subsidiaries and the Joint Venture Mbda Italy) who hold distinctive competences in combat systems, electronics and naval and underwater weapons systems. "

Unfortunately, nothing but not exceeding, until four years later, on October 9, 2018, the two companies communicate that, at the valley of the previous agreement, "an inserts in the field of military vessels, is achieved to better combine new challenges on international markets in order to submit joint solutions in an increasingly competitive and demanding sector.

The valorisation of reciprocal skills - developed in a national field in a national plant - will pass through the revival of horizons naval systems (OSN), the joint venture participated by Fincantieri and Leonardo with 51% and 49%, and whom both parties have to provide resources that will allow them to assume the responsibility of the combat system, defining requirements and architecture of individual components, including the Combat Management System (CMS). Since then, ten months have passed and the project still does not take off.

Meanwhile, the Italian industry has lost a number of important potential commissions (Australia, Canada, Brazil, Romania), but nor from the armed forces, either by the government (and first of the Minister of Defense) has signaling. And now, the desired willingness to "system-will be conciliated with the agreement, just authorized by the government, between Fincantieri and French Naval Group to gradually supply their respective capacities in the field of military ships: an almost impossible challenge to win for Italy if the national actors will continue to talk about it instead of taking care behaviors consistent with national interests.

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